Aggregates, which account for 60 to 75 percent of the total volume of concrete, are divided into two distinct categories--fine and coarse. Fine aggregates generally consist of natural sand or crushed stone with most particles passing through a 3/ inch sieve.


FINE AGGREGATES 1. The gradation of fine aggregate shall be in accordance with BS 882 latest edition excluding grading designation F. 2. Each batch of aggregate delivered to site shall be kept separate from previous batches & shall be stored for at least 3 working days before use to allow inspection & tests to be carried out. 3.


Physical Properties of Aggregates 18 fine aggregate sample cylinder of known volume (V) uncompacted voids = V - M / G sb V x funnel Fine Aggregate Angularity M measured mass. Physical Properties of Aggregates 19 Fine Aggregate Angularity Traffic Depth from Surface


Fine aggregate for Portland Cement Concrete shall conform to the requirements of AASHTO, "Standard Specification for Fine Aggregate for Portland Cement Concrete," Serial Designation M 6, with the following exceptions and added stipulations:

Aggregate Sizing Explained - Concrete, Sand, Stone, Gravel ...

The term “aggregates” as used in the construction industry is a broad category of coarse and fine particulate material including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, recycled concrete, and geosynthetic aggregates and are actually the most mined materials in the world.

High-strength concrete with different fine aggregate ...

Concrete codes and standards specify the fine aggregate requirements necessary to obtain homogeneous, workable and durable concrete of adequate strength. The use of crushed sand is generally limited due to the high cement paste volume needed to obtain an adequate workability of concrete [2] , [3] , [4] .

Aggregates for Concrete - INTI

More performance tests are also used to test aggregates in concrete. A typical consensus specification for fine and coarse aggregate for concrete is ASTM C 33. Synthetic aggregates may be either byproducts of an industrial process, in the case of blast-furnace slag, or products of processes developed to manufacture aggregates with special

Designing Concrete Mixtures - Civil Engineering

Volume of dry-rodded coarse aggregate per unit volume of concrete for different coarse aggregates and fineness moduli of fine aggregates ACI Mix Design 8. Estimation of fine aggregate content-- There are two standard methods to establish the fine aggregate content, the mass method and the volume method. We will use the "volume" method.


Fine aggregate for Portland Cement Concrete shall conform to the requirements of AASHTO, "Standard Specification for Fine Aggregate for Portland Cement Concrete," Serial Designation M 6, with the following exceptions and added stipulations:

Aggregates » U.S. Concrete

Aggregates need to be clean, hard, strong particles free of absorbed chemicals or coatings of fine materials that could cause the deterioration of concrete. Aggregates account for 60% to 75% of the total volume of concrete and are divided into fine and coarse categories.

Egg Shell As A Fine Aggregate In Concrete For Sustainable ...

Egg Shell As A Fine Aggregate In Concrete For Sustainable Construction S.A. Raji, A. T. Samuel ABSTRACT: This work has investigated the potential use of usedegg shell as a concrete material. The usedegg shells were used as fine concrete aggregate. In the laboratory test, conventional fine aggregate was replaced at replacement level.

Cement Concrete & Aggregates Australia Research Report

n The grading of individual manufactured sands or components to the fine aggregate for concrete mixes should not be specified in AS 2758.1 n The specification should require that the producer of the manufactured sand provide the concrete producer with a 'submitted grading' of the manufactured sand.

Fine-Aggregate-in-Concrete | Construction Aggregate - Scribd

sand of zone-∥ was used as coarse aggregate and fine aggregate respectively. Maximum size of coarse aggregate was 12.5 mm. A sieve analysis conforming to IS: 1970 was carried out for both the fine and coarse aggregate .Concrete may be produced as a dense mass which is practically artificial rock and chemicals may be

Aggregates: Physical Properties and Mechanical Properties

Aggregates generally occupy 80% of a concrete’s volume. Aggregates are inert fillers floating in the cement paste matrix for concretes of low strength. The strength of aggregates do not contribute to the strength of ... Size:- Coarse Aggregates & Fine Aggregates.

What is concrete - Concrete Defined - The Concrete Network

Concrete is made up of three basic components: water, aggregate (rock, sand, or gravel) and Portland cement. Cement, usually in powder form, acts as a binding agent when mixed with water and aggregates. This combination, or concrete mix, will be poured and harden into the durable material with which we are all familiar.

Aggregate in Concrete - The Concrete Network

Fine aggregate should fall within gradation limits provided in ASTM C 33, Section 6. If there is a deficiency in a locally available fine aggregate, concrete may benefit from the addition of air entrainment, additional cement, or a supplemental cementitious material (SCM) to …

Concrete Mix Design Calculation - M20, M25, M30 ...

Concrete mix design is the process of finding right proportions of cement, sand and aggregates for concrete to achieve target strength in structures. So, concrete mix design can be stated as Concrete Mix = Cement:Sand:Aggregates. The concrete mix design involves various steps, calculations and ...

Effect of Types of Fine Aggregate on Mechanical Properties ...

replacement of natural sand with artificial sand as fine aggregate is more prominent at seven days than that on 28 days. 3. The indirect split tensile strength of concrete with river sand as fine aggregate found marginally higher than concrete with artificial sand as fine aggregate, it is 3.78MPa and 3.71MPa respectively.

Aggregates in Concrete - University of Washington

Concrete Technology Aggregates for Concrete Concrete Technology Aggregates in Concrete Concrete Technology 2 Definitions and Importance of Aggregates Aggregate is a rock like material Used in many civil engineering and construction applications including: Portland cement concrete Asphalt concrete Base materials for roads

03 01 N Concrete Aggregate - YouTube

 · This training video is about understanding types of aggregates, their characteristics, properties, importance of grading, and proper storage requirements.

On Aggregate Grading - National Ready Mixed Concrete ...

recommends that if fine aggregates have a high proportion of fine material (manifested by a low fineness modulus), then the amount of coarse aggregate should be increased, thereby indirectly decreasing the quantity of fine aggregate in the concrete mixture. WG combined aggregate obtained % NWG WG NWG WG %


The effects of aggregate type, size, and content on the behavior of normal and high-strength concrete, and the relationships between compressive strength, flexural …

Fundamentals of Concrete - USDA

For example, consider a concrete mix design that calls for pounds of water (i.e. free-water) and contains 1100 pounds of fine aggregate and 2000 pounds of coarse aggregate. The mix design shows fine aggregate absorption to be 2% and coarse aggregate absorption to be 1%. The batch plant operator measures the aggregate moisture and finds

IS 383 (1970): Specification for Coarse and Fine ...

coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete ( second revision ) ninth reprint september 1993 udc 691.322 @ [email protected] 1971 bureau of standards manak bhavan, 9 bahadur shah zafar marc3 new de gr 5 april 197 1

What is the difference between fine aggregate and coarse ...

“Fine aggregate” means sand which is a mixture of small particles of grains & minerals which passes under 9 mm sieve & it is used for construction purposes like mixing in concrete & farming works etc.

What is the effect of coarse aggregate size in compressive ...

When we design mix the concrete, its target strength is much less than the compressive strength of the aggregates used in the formation. It can also be clearly seen in the mix design procedure that greater the maximum size of coarse aggregate used, less is the cement required to achieve the target strength.

Aggregates for Concrete - GreenSpec

Aggregates for Concrete . Key points • ‘Aggregate’ is a term for any particulate material. It includes gravel, crushed stone, sand, slag, recycled concrete and geosynthetic aggregates. Aggregate may be natural, manufactured or recycled. ... - Fine aggregates are usually sand or crushed stone that are less than 9.55mm in diameter.

IRJET-V5I3716.pdf | Construction Aggregate | Concrete

2.3.2 Sieve Analysis of Fine aggregate Table : Mix Proportioning For Concrete with GGBFS The sieve analysis for fine aggregate was done using sieve Replacement (20% GGFBS) shaker. The sieve for fine aggregate was 4.75mm to 0.150mm.

How to Calculate Quantities of Cement, Sand and Aggregate ...

Mix design is a process of determining the right quality materials and their relative proportions to prepare concrete of desired properties like workability, strength, setting time and durability.

Concrete - Columbia University

Concrete 1 Concrete A composite material that consists essentially of a binding medium, such as a mixture of portland ce-ment and water, within which are embedded parti-clesorfragmentsofaggregate,usuallyacombination of fine and coarse aggregate. Concrete is by far the most versatile and most widely used construction material worldwide. It can

Full text of "IS 383: Coarse and Fine Aggregate for ...

3.1.4 Manufactured Fine Aggregate (Manufactured Sand) — Fine aggregate manufactured from other than natural sources, by processing materials, using thermal or other processes such as separation, washing, crushing and scrubbing. NOTE — Manufactured fine aggregate may be Recycled Concrete Aggregate (RCA) {see Annex A).

Can Changes in Fine Aggregate Affect Concrete ...

A small number indicates a fine grading, and a large number indicates a coarser material. The fineness modulus of the fine aggregate is required for mix proportioning, since sand gradation has the largest effect on concrete workability. Concrete made with a fine sand (low fineness modulus) has much higher paste requirements for good workability.

The Use of Sheet Glass Powder as Fine Aggregate ...

The Use of Sheet Glass Powder as Fine Aggregate Replacement in Concrete M. Mageswari1,* and Dr. B.Vidivelli2 1Research Scholar, Structural Engineering, Annamalai University, Annamalai nagar, 600 002, Tamilnadu, India 2Professor of Structural Engineering, Annamalai University, Annamalai nagar, 600 002, Tamilnadu, India

Fine-Aggregate Concrete | Article about Fine-Aggregate ...

(or fine-grained concrete), concrete produced from a mixture of fine aggregate (sand), a binder (cement), and water. Fine-aggregate concrete is similar to building mortars in its composition and certain properties. It is used mainly for making thin-walled and conventional rein-forced-concrete structural components and products.

4 Aggregate Specifications and Requirements -

Organic impurities are the only concern in fine aggregates. Section 904.02 places a restriction for fine aggregate for use in portland cement concrete and mortar. No restrictions are placed on organic impurities in fine aggregate for use in other types of construction. The limitations on the amount of organic impurities allowed in fine aggregates

Carbonate Aggregate in Concrete

Carbonate Aggregate in Concrete Kejin Wang, Principal Investigator Department of Civil, Construction, Environmental Engineering Institute of Transportation Iowa State University. May 2015. Research Project Final Report 14. To request this document in an alternative format call .

Classification of Aggregates Based on Size and Shape ...

Following are the classification of aggregates based on size: Aggregates are classified into 2 types according to size. Fine aggregate; Coarse aggregate; Fine Aggregate. When the aggregate is sieved through 4.75mm sieve, the aggregate passed through it called as fine aggregate.


BITUMINOUS CONCRETE MATERIALS M.04. -Bituminous Concrete Materials: These materials shall consist of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, mineral filler if necessary, and designated bitumen, combined to meet the composition limits by mass and other characteristics, as shown in Article M.04.03 --Bituminous Concrete Mixtures.

Innovations in Fine-Aggregate Exposed Concrete | Concrete ...

Revealed represents the line’s top shelf and most expensive choice. The Revealed finish incorporates large, exotic aggregates delivered in a pre-mixed engineered bag to ensure precise proportions. The result is a surface more akin to terrazzo than traditional concrete.

aggregate Topic - American Concrete Institute

 · Aggregates influence the workability of plastic concrete and also the durability, strength, thermal properties, and density of hardened concrete. Particle size divides aggregates into two categories: fine and coarse. Most fine aggregates are sand and …